The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle

The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle aka Combat Vehicle 90 aka Stridsfordon 90, has to be one of the most commercial success’s in AFV history of the 1990’s. Its history stemmed back to 1985 when HB Utveckling, a small holding company of the successful Swedish Bofors Defence and Hägglunds and Soner (now part of BAE Systems Land Systems) were awarded with a contract from the Swedish Defence Material Administration for 5 prototypes of the CV90 for the Swedish Army. Prior to this, a future thinking contract had been awarded, a two man turret mounting a 40mm main gun had been funded.

In 1986 a further contract had been placed for 4 turrets, 3 with 40mm main guns and 1 with a 25mm main gun. One of these turrets and prototypes was selected and ordered as a production vehicle, as in 1991 the Swedish Army placed their first order. The hull, which is manufactured by Hägglunds, is sent to Bofors who manufacture the turret with their 40mm main gun and integrate the turret with the hull. First production vehicles were delivered in 1993 as the Combat Vehicle 90 to the Swedish Army.


The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Variants

The CV9040

CV9040

CV9040 is in service with the Swedish Army. It carries an eight men section and is designed to defeat other armoured vehicles and ground troops. It is fitted with a Bofors 40 mm cannon. The CV9040 is primarily deployed with the Main Battle Tank in the Swedish Mechanised Brigades.

The CV9040C

The CV9040C has a stabilised turret and additional protection, including mine protection, for use by Swedish troops on international operations.

The CV9030 MkI

CV9030 MkI

CV9030 was originally developed to meet the requirements of the Norwegian army. The chassis has advanced suspension to improve ride comfort and mobility and to facilitate unsurpassed stabilisation of the Bushmaster II cannon in the 30 mm two-man turret. It also carries an add-on armour kit.

The CV9030 MkII

CV9030 MkII

The CV9030 MkII is development of the well proven CV9030 to meet the Swiss and Finnish armies’ requirements. It is equipped with the digitised Vehicle Information System (VIS) and also a fully stabilised 30/40 mm Bushmaster II/Mk44 cannon.

The CV9030 COM

The CV9030 COM is a command and control vehicle based on CV9030 MkII, with four workstations in the rear troop compartment.

The CV9035 MkIII

CV9035 MkIII

The latest CV90 generation, named CV9035 MkIII, has been developed to meet the Dutch and Danish armies’ requirements, provide improved capabilities in the following areas:

– Integration of 35/50 mm
– Bushmaster III cannon
– Commander’s independent
sight – “Hunter-Killer”
– Third generation TI cameras for gunner
and commander
– Integration of higher level of protection,
including bomblet and mine protection
– Integration of BMS and DAS
– High speed Ethernet data bus
– Increased payload with growth potential

The CV90120 Tank

CV90120 Tank

CV90120 Tank has been developed to meet international demand for a lighter main battle tank. It has similar firepower to current main battle tanks and is both cost-effective and gives superior tactical and strategic mobility. The CV90120 Tank fulfils these requirements and additionally provides outstanding survivability through an integrated modular Defensive Aid Suite (DAS) for today’s fragmented and multispectral battlefield.

CV90120 Tank fires all standard NATO 120mm smooth bore ammunition and is equipped with state of the art technology, including an information technology network (VIS), improving operational capability. The modular Defensive Aid Suite (DAS), including Laser, Radar and Missile Approach warners, is installed. Survivability is enhanced through the Multi-Spectral Aerosol (MSA), active countermeasure system and the top-attack radar, identifying smart indirect munitions.

The CV90 AMOS

CV90 AMOS

AMOS (Advanced MOrtar System) is a state of the art, cost-effective mortar system, providing high firepower under full protection, AMOS is a twin-barrel 120 mm smooth-bore mortar turret system. AMOS has been jointly developed by Hägglunds,Sweden, and Patria Weapon Systems, Finland. AMOS is designed to meet indirect firepower requirements at battalion level. AMOS can be mounted on various light armoured vehicle platforms and combat boats. AMOS has significant direct fire capability.
AMOS has been ordered by the Finnish and Swedish Armies. CV90 AMOS provides:

– Twin-barrel 120 mm
– High rate of fire
– Direct fire capability
– Rapid deployment
– Ballistic and NBC protection
– Low chassis load
– Ample ammunition stowage on-board
– Suitable for all standard 120 mm smooth
bore ammunition
– Full 360° traverse

The CV90 FOV

The Forward Observer Vehicle is the mechanised units resource for controlling fire support from artillery and mortars. The vehicle carries an automatic system for calculation and transfer of target co-ordinates, including sight with a TI and laser range finder. The system is based on an inertial navigation system and provides target coordinates in seconds, thus reducing the important reaction time for indirect fire support.

The CV9040 AAV

The Anti-Aircraft Vehicle version is fitted with a specially adapted sensor set and fire control software air defence at battalion level. CV9040 AAV is primarily assigned for combating helicopters and close air support aircraft and it is well-suited for engaging other types of aerial and ground targets.

The CV90 FCV

The Forward Command Vehicle is configured for the requirements of brigade and battalion combat control. It carries a crew of three and has six additional workstations in the rear troop compartment. It provides an armoured combat C3 vehicle designed to accommodate a wide selection of communication and command equipments.

The CV9030 COM

The CV9030 COM is a command and control vehicle based on CV9030 MkII, with four workstations in the rear troop compartment.

The CV90 ARV

The Armoured Recovery Vehicle is specially adapted to fulfil all requirements of recovery and to support field maintenance operations. It is equipped with a dozer blade and a crane. It also has two separate winches and is capable of applying a t2-tonne line pull in any direction.


Vehicles developed on The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Chassis

The BAE FRES

An improved CV90 with a new turret, which entered the British Army’s FRES CV trials, but not selected by the British Army – Click here to view vehicle

The BAE CV90 Armadillo

Built on the trusted CV90 hull/chassis, the BAE CV 90 Armadillo is a new generation of unmanned turret Infantry Fighting Vehicles – Click here to view vehicle


The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Layout

The driver sits left of the engine in the front of the hull, with the commander and gunner in the two man turret in the middle of the turret. The rear compartment is where the 8 infantry sit facing each other. They exit the vehicle through a door in the rear of the vehicle and also have access to roof hatches.


The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Protection

The basic vehicle is rated against 14.5mm rounds. The vehicle can be fitted with module armour. Modular armour can accommodate various ceramics, composite or passive armour, such as the world famous, shape charged defeating MEXAS.

The internals of the vehicle is fitted with an NBC system and a bank 4 smoke grenade launchers is mounted either side of the vehicle.


The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Mobility

Engine: Scania DSI 14 litres or DSI 16, V8 Diesel
550-810 hp (410- 595 kW) 2300 nm
Power/weight: 24.1 hp/tonne
Transmission: Automatic
Suspension: torsion bar
Operational
range:
320 km
Speed (road): 70 km/h

Rubber tracks

Norwegian Army CV9030 infantry fighting vehicles have been using rubber tracks in northern Afghanistan since December 2010.

The rubber track system is jointly developed by Soucy International in Quebec, Canada and BAE Systems in Sweden: Soucy has designed and produced the tracks and BAE Systems has qualified the system in full-scale trials. The tracks reduce vehicle weight by more than one tonne compared with conventional steel tracks. They also cut noise by a massive 10dB and vibration levels by 65 percent.


The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Operators

Denmark: 45 CV9035 under the designation CV9035DK.
Estonia: 44 CV9035NL surplus, should be in service by 2016
Finland: 102 CV9030 under the designation CV9030FIN (57 first batch, 45 second batch).
Netherlands: 193 CV9035 under the designation CV9035NL (Initial order of 184 vehicles raised to 193. Deliveries will be completed by 2011).
Norway: 104 CV9030 under the designation CV9030N. 17 of these have been upgraded with air-condition, additional mine protection and rear-view cameras, and are designated CV9030NF1. Additional 144 new/upgraded vehicles, including 74 infantry fighting, 21 reconnaissance, 15 command, 16 engineering, 16 multi-role and two driver training vehicles were ordered in 2012.
Switzerland: 186 CV9030 under the designation CV9030CH.
Sweden: 509 vehicles, including 42 CV9040C.


The Swedish CV90 Combat Vehicle Afghanistan (ISAF)

In November 2007, Norwegian CV 90’s contributed in the defence of the Norwegian Forces.

In May 2008, Norwegian CV 90’s beat down a Taliban attack.

In January 2010, a Norwegian soldier driving a CV9030 was killed when it drove over an IED in Ghowrmach, Afghanistan.

By April 2010 two of the ten Danish vehicles sent to Afghanistan have been hit with IEDs.